Ancient Rome’s vast history is among the riches in the world. Rome is not only known for its various magnificent sightseeing spots but also for helping in molding our ancestors’ great history.
Here are some of the mind blowing and cool facts about Rome that not everyone has known yet.
Water engineering: The Romans during ancient times were really great water engineers. Despite the absence of modern technology we have today, Romans were able to design and build various aqueducts. These aqueducts were raised channels that were specially made to serve as a passageway that carried water from the stream sources from far away mountains and hills to the city proper. The homes of the rich Roman families had their own water supply that was constantly running right to their homes while commoners only got water supply from public spouts. There were approximately 750 million liters of fresh water that were brought from stream sources to the city every single day. The water was being pumped uphill by a Roman Ancient Rome valve and was carried to the aqueducts by pipes.
Plumbing: Romans were among the founders of ancient plumbing. Don’t you know that the word “plumber” that we use today to designate someone who deals with plumbing came from the word “plumbum” which is a Latin word used by ancient Romans to indicate the making of water pipes? Romans also refer plum-line as “to make water pipes”, the exact same word that we are still using today. Romans were also the ones who initiated the making of pumps with valve which were used for pumping water uphill. Certainly, the water system of Romans was considered so advanced that no single country had invented anything better until the 18th century.
Harvesting rain water: Romans pioneered harvesting of rain water. Most of the Roman homes, especially those that belong to wealthy family, had their own pool they called impluvium. This impluvium was used to store much water for washing and sanitary purposes. Romans relied so much on its drains. Because Rome was very crowded, they consider having good drains very essential. The largest sewer ever built in the city was cloaca maxima. It was so huge that even a horse with its cart can dive through it.
Lavatories: Roman engineers also constructed convenient lavatories. Unlike what we have today, ancient Roman times’ toilets were made public. People usually just sat side by side on the rows of toilet seats. Also, the toilet sponge used during Ancient times was communal.Using concrete. Romans lead the way to the use of concrete. They discovered that it was cheaper and easier to use a concrete in building huge structures than using solid stones. They also pioneered the use and the making of many new construction materials. Don’t you know that according to studies, Roman concrete called opus caementiciumas is comparable to the Portland concrete cement we use today in terms of compressive strength? They used to bake bricks of clay over high temperatures and they found out that baked bricks were more robust and could last much longer than the files of stones and unbaked bricks. They also discovered the use of arches in making strong walls, building tall pillars and making solid entranceways. They also pioneered the idea of using gargantuan domes for buildings that were so massive to be covered with ligneous timbers.
Roads: All roads lead to Rome. This is true today and also during ancient times. The Roman road system spanned around 400, 000 kilometers. Rome was made with a network of roads that were built to connect the far-flung areas of the whole Roman Empire to the center of the city. The roads were also designed in straight lines for purposes of making the route shorter for the government officials and for the Roman armies to travel more quickly. The roads were also built with utmost durability. In fact, some of the Roman roads lasted over 2,000 years. The first main road ever built in Rome was Via Appia. It was constructed in 312 BC.
Politics and building an empire: Rome is considered the greatest ruler in history. There were over 50 million people who were ruled under the Roman Empire. By 300 AD, Rome became the largest city in the whole world. Among those conquered by Rome were the territories of the Dacians, Germans, Celts and Iberians.
Bathhouses: Bathing was not at all simple during ancient times. Bathing was one way of Romans to relax. Unlike the way we bath today, Romans have to go through five separate stages to be able to have a complete bathing. Before going into the bath, Romans first change their clothes in the changing room. After such, they will enter into a very hot steam room and they will have to sit in there for a while. After a short steam they will transfer to a hot yet dry room. It was in here were the slaves removed the bather’s sweat. The slaves also used olive oil and metal scraper to scrape out the dirt from the bather’s skin. When done with the scraping thing, bathers then head to the pool filled with tepid water. When they cooled off, they then dive into the pool with bracing cold water. Although most of the Romans loved bathing, they only went to baths once every nine days.
Schooling system: Only Roman boys were countenanced to go to school. Only boys were taught the art of learning in school. They usually went to school from 7 years old to 16 years old. They were taught to speak really well by their slave schoolmaster and private tutors who were usually from Greece. They were taught with three primary subjects- math, reading and public speaking. Girls, on the other hand, only stayed at home and were taught how to play the lyre. They were also taught how to cook, to weave clothes, to babysit younger siblings and to clean the house. Those girls that belong to the well-off families, however, were given the chance to learn how to read and write and to keep accounts. They were also given the opportunity to run the family business.